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Roads of ancient caravans

In ancient times, countless caravans followed from east to west and back again. The most significant and well-known caravan route in the world is the Great Silk Road, which stretches from the Atlantic coast to the shores of Pacific, crossing the entire Eurasian continent and connecting Mediterranean countries and Far East. It was not just a road from coast to coast, it was cultural and economical bridge between East and West, connecting peoples in their striving for peace and cooperation.

"SEZAM TRAVEL" presents the tour “Roads of ancient caravans” offering to visit the ancient cities of Central Asia.

  • Day 1 Tashkent 

    • Arrival at Tashkent International Airport
    • Meeting at the airport
    • Transfer to the hotel and check – in  
      • Standard check in time to the hotel at 14:00
    • City tour around Tashkent, it is the capital of Uzbekistan and one of the oldest cities in Central Asia. However, despite its age (2200 years), it is a modern city, the economic and cultural center of our country. During the excursion, will sit down at one of the most beautiful metro stations of Kosmonaftlar, we will reach the most poetic station of Alisher Navoi, transfer to Pakhtakor station and we will reach Mustakillik station and continue our excursion by visit the Independence Square, which is the central square of the capital, Broadway street and Amir Timur Square. After we will visit Abulkasym Madrasah (1850), where craft workshops are currently located, Hast-Imam complex, which includes the Cathedral Mosque Hazrati Imam, Murai Muborak Madrasah (where the hair of the Prophet Mohammed and the original Quran Usman (644–648) are kept), Barak Khan Madrasah, Namazgoh Mosque and Hazrati Imam Mausoleum (Kaffal Shoyshy). And of course we will visit Chorsu bazaar, where you can buy traditional souvenirs, dry fruits and national sweets
    • Overnight at the hotel

    Day 2 Tashkent – Urgench – Khiva 

    • Breakfast at the hotel and check – out 
    • Transfer to the domestic airport – flight  to  Urgench city
    • Meeting at Urgench airport – transfer  to Khiva city and
      check – in the hotel
    • Attending a traditional Uzbek wedding. Uzbek weddings are famous for their special scale and a variety of traditional rituals that have evolved over many centuries. From ancient times to the present day, all the traditions and customs of weddings are strictly observed. Therefore, having visited the Uzbek wedding, you can see in full view the beauty of the eastern picturesque
    • Overnight at the hotel

    Day 3 Khiva 

    • Breakfast at the hotel
    • Tour around Khiva. Visit Ichan - Kala, the old part of the city, which named as the museum under the open sky. In this part of Khiva there are various buildings (the most ancient one dated the 14th century), such as fortifications, palaces, mosques, madrasahs, mausoleums, minarets, caravanserais and baths. Among the most famous monuments is Kunya-Ark - the ancient citadel, some of its parts belong to the 5th century, Muhammad Amin-Khan Madrasah, Kalta Minar Minaret, Tash Khauli Palace, Palvan Mahmud Mausoleum, as well as Islam-Khoja Minaret and Mosque
    • Overnight at the hotel

    Day 4 Khiva – Bukhara 

    • Breakfast at the hotel and check – out
    • Transfer from Khiva to Bukhara by car through the Kyzyl-Kum desert. This is a huge desert, which stretches between the Amu Darya and Sir Darya rivers on an area of ​​300 thousand sq. km. Its name translates as "red sands". Most of the desert is occupied by sandy massifs, where the height of the drift varies from 3 to 30 meters. In addition, there are sandstones, takirs and small ridges of the Remnant Mountains, which are abundant in sharp rocks. On the way we will visit the ruins of the ancient cities of Ayaz-Kala and Toprak-Kala. Ayaz-Kala dates back to the 2nd century AD and was one of the largest fortresses of ancient Khorezm. According to the legend, the name of this fortress is associated with the name of the legendary warrior slave Ayaz. Ayaz is the hero of Central Asian in Turkic folklore. A semi-mythical hero who sought the love of the princess who lived in the Kirk-Kyz fortress. Toprak-Kala was the capital of the ancient state of Khorezm in the 3rd century AD. This fortress was discovered in 1938 and during archaeological excavations coins, fragments of ossuaries (burial vessels of Zoroastrians) were found, as well as magnificent examples of artistic culture: finely dressed ceramics, woolen, silk fabrics, gold jewelers and a necklace of 300 glass beads, amber, corals and shells
    • Arrival in Bukhara and check – in the hotel

    Day 5 Bukhara 

    • Breakfast at the hotel
    • Tour around Bukhara. We will visit the Lyabi Hauz Ensemble, one of the central squares of Bukhara, where madrasahs and the Khanaka Nadir Divan-Begi are grouped around the large artificial reservoir. Kukeldash madrasah is also located nearby. Then we will visit the Ulugbek and Abdulazizkhan Madrasahs, Poi-Kalyan Ensemble, which is the central architectural complex of Bukhara. The ensemble includes three buildings of the 12-16th centuries: the Kalyan mosque, the Kalyan minaret and the Mir - i - Arab Madrasah, which is still the current madrasah of Uzbekistan. Then we will visit the Ark fortress, which is located on a mound, the height of which in some places reaches 20 m. The approximate area of ​​the architectural and archaeological monument is 4.2 hectares. Initially, the fortress was planned to be built in the shape of a polygon. The builders tried to erect the walls many times, but they failed because the artificial mound was fragile and the walls of the fortress collapsed. Finally, in the 7th century, at the base of the fortress, on the advice of the sages, it was decided to lay seven pillars in the same order as the stars in the constellation Ursa Major, as such, the fortress is partially preserved till present time. We will also visit the Museum of Judicial Affairs of the Bukhara Emirate of the late 17th - early 20th centuries. Chashma-Ayub, which is translated as "the source of Job", Sitora-i- Mohi Khosa - the summer residence of the last Bukhara Emir and the Bolo-Hauz complex - an artificial reservoir that served water for people in ancient times. 
      • Dinner at the Nodira Divan Begi Madrasah with show program (on additional cost)

    Day 6 Bukhara (Gijduvan) 

    • Breakfast at the hotel
    • Trip to the Gijduvan, a small town near Bukhara, which is one of the handicraft centers of Uzbekistan, which has been famous for its unusually beautiful and original ceramics since ancient times. We will visit the ceramic factory of the Narzullaev family, where ceramic craftsmanship is passed down from generation to generation. Here you will see the process of making the ceramic products, as well as participate in its production
    • Return to Bukhara

    Day 7 Bukhara - Nurata 

    • Breakfast at the hotel and check – out
    • Transfer from Bukhara to Nurata by car and visit the Chashma complex with its famous holy spring. According to legend, this spring formed from the collision of a meteorite with the earth, which fell here many thousands years ago. The spring contains with large number of useful elements which are not include in the plain water and keep constant temperature of 19.5 degrees Celsius, regardless of the season of the year. There are fishes named marinka swim in the spring, which cannot be eaten, as they are sacred
    • Check - in the guest house in Nurata

    Day 8 Nurata - Sarmishsay - Aydarkul Lake - Yurt Camp

    • Breakfast at the guest house and check – out
    • Transfer to Nurata Mountains and hiking to Sarmishsay natural boundary is one of the most famous rock carvings in Central Asia. The nature of Sarmishsay differs in variety – different  types of trees grow here, and the slopes are covered with dense thickets of bushes. In spring, the gorge is a striking sight: tulips and poppies grow everywhere, endless expanses of green around. To date, more than 10 thousand petroglyphs have been found in Sarmishsay, which belong to different historical periods. This is a very large and diverse collection of rock pictures
    • Transfer to the yurt camp and a stop for picnic at the Aydarkul Lake, which was formed in 1969 as Sir Darya River were catastrophically abounding in water that summer and as a result Arnasai hollow filled with water. This is the artificial lake in the middle of the desert where you can swim, fish and walk along the shore, ride horses and camels. The meadows near the lake are abundant in a variety of colors - bright red tulips and snow-white acacias in spring and early summer
    • Overnight at the yurt camp

    Day 9 Aydarkul Lake - Yurt Camp - Samarkand

    • Breakfast at the yurt camp
    • Transfer to Samarkand and check – in  the hotel
    • Tour around Samarkand. We will visit the Registan Square, which is a symbol of the city and where the Ulugbek Madrasah (15th century), Sher - Dor Madrasah (17th century), Tilla - Kori Madrasah (17th century) are located. Then we will visit the Gur Emir Mausoleum (14-15th centuries), where Amir Timur, the founder of the huge empire in Central Asia and one of the most powerful states of the world in the 14th century, were buried. His spiritual teacher and some of his descendants also buried there the Shahi Zinda mausoleum, the Bibi-Khanum mosque and walk through one of the oldest bazaars of Samarkand - Siab, where you can buy souvenirs, oriental sweets and fruits, as well as the famous Samarkand bread.
    • Overnight at the hotel

    Day 10 Samarkand - Urgut - Samarkand

    • Breakfast at the hotel
    • Drive to the Urgut bazaar, which glorifies throughout Central Asia with its textile products, especially the famous Urgut carpets and suzane (handmade carpet), which differ in their manufacturing techniques and designs from other regions of the country
    • Visit to Chor-Chinar garden, located in Urgut city. The garden with platan trees, the age of the oldest more than 1160 years, the youngest is 600 years old. Among others, there is a giant tree - a real titan, its trunk girth is over 16 meters. The most interesting is in the hollow of the plant - behind the carved doors there is a room with a minimalist set of furniture, while the plant form is alive and continues to grow. Long time ago the school of the The Order of Sufi was located inside the tree, it was a refuge of more than one generation of dervishes
    • Overnight at the hotel

    Day 11 Samarkand - Tashkent

    • Breakfast at the hotel
    • Visit to the observatory of Ulugbek and the mausoleum of St. Daniel, which is a holy place for Muslims, Christians and Jews, Visit silk paper hand made factory in Konigil village. You can try the process of preparation of paper by yourself and have a cup of green tea in a beautiful factory’s garden. After that we will visit silk carpet factory and you can absorve the the unique and ancient technology  
    • Transfer to Tashkent by Afrosiab high-speed train
    • Arrival in Tashkent and check – in the hotel
    • Overnight at the hotel

    Day 12 Tashkent

    • Transfer to airport

                                                         End of the tour

  • The cost of the tour is available on request.

  • The price includes:

    • Hotel accommodation in double rooms
      • Surcharge for single occupancy: + 50.00 USD
    • Meals: Breakfast
    • Comfortable transport (max. 3 seats) with air conditioning for 4 days
    • All transfers to / from the airport, to / from the station
    • Train tickets economy class for trains, according to the program
    • City excursion program
    • English-speaking local guides in cities, according to the program
    • Entrance tickets to historical sites, according to the program

    The price does not include:

    • International flight
    • Meals: Lunches and dinners according to the program
    • Photo and video shooting on the territory of monuments
    • Tip
    • Health insurance


    • Identification of a personal senior manager who will carry out all the work from the development of the trip to its completion
    • 24 hour tourist support
    • 0.5l mineral water every day for a tourist


    -We reserve the right to make changes to the program or replace excursions without changing the number of services provided.

    - The route can be changed if there is a change in the schedule of flights or state visits, as well as new bans on visiting historical and / or protected areas


    P.S. Prices may vary depending on changes in fuel prices and in the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as in connection with changes in prices for train tickets



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